Milks and other dairy subtitutes.

Coconut milk: About half of a brown coconut yields 2 cups freshly grated coconut, put in a small saucepan (or something one can easily pour it out of), add 500ml boiling (or not quite boiling) water, cover for 5 min then strain*. One could add tapioca flour and sweetener to reproduce the consistency and taste of other commercial plant milks. Keeps in the fridge for 2-3 days when made from frozen and thawed coconut. *If you’re low on utensils, like me, strain through very thin gap of the lid if it’s one of those cooking pots with a lid fitting inside the rim.

This recipe is from dessicated coconut and seems thicker than mine.

Two possible uses for the pulp (I would add syrup to bind the latter)

Cashew milk (in comments, otherwise links to all the instructions you need for almond milk) More almond milk – You don’t need a vitamix. I recall mine keeping longer but I used to pasteurise it. I don’t make it anymore – food intolerances.How to milk an almond reports raw almond milk keeping 4 days in the fridge.

Sensory people-friendly sunflower seed milk A paint-strainer bag is apparently a fine substitute for a nut milk bag. Another recipe. If you don’t have a dehydrator, I don’t, I’d put the nut pulp in my wet ingredients instead of dry for cakes/cookies or in burgers. Same with seed pulp or try this with less zuke, I prefer to use carrots instead regardless of a colour combination I dislike because the texture turns out better.

A jar of pumpkin seed milk

Futter and butter substitutes.

Coconut butter (courtesy of Toni from BWCSA): Blend fine dried coconut until you have a smooth butter. Use as a replacement for nut-butter, or as a replacement for fat in baked goods, as icing or mixed with some cocoa powder for decadent sweet fix, in smoothies. Use a touch of agave to sweeten as desired. [It didn’t work in my Phillips coffee grinder attachment which can make other nut butter]

Soy yoghurt
500ml soya milk – 4 vegan acidophilus capsules (like Solgar) – or 2 tablespoons live soy yogurt (unpasteurised)

1. Sterilize the soya milk by heating to just below boiling point. Let it cool a bit.
2. rinse a large glass jar or vacuum flask with boiling water to sterilize it.
3. Once the milk has cooled to lukewarm, pour it into the glass and stir in the yogurt or break the capsules open and empty the powder into the glass. Place the lid on but do not close.
4. Place container near a contant source of low heat, e.g. an airing cupboard (I don’t know what that is, I simply put my jar one day in the sun, then if it’s not quite set (in winter), in warm water, keep it at about 40’C by pouring in hot water every so often), or wrap in a towel or newspaper and put it on a hot water bottle (but you do have to keep changing the hot water). The yogurt should set within 12 hours. (If the temp. drops too low, process stops or takes longer. If the temp too high, the bacteria will be killed).
5. Once set refrigerate and use within 4-5 days. Keep 2 tbsp for next batch!
Same process could be used for any yoghurt and if you’re making your coconut milk, it could be started sometime after straining.

Whipped cream:

Sweet condensed milk (from Plant, opening soon in Capetown): In sauce pan, combine 2 cans coconut milk and 1/2 cup agave nectar. Warm mixture over medium-low heat until mix begins to bubble. Continue to cook over low heat, mixing continuously until sauce is reduced to ½ , slightly golden and the consistency of a light syrup. Cool to room temperature. Store refrigerated in glass jelly jar until ready to use.

Soyannaise (from Bella Vegan Cafe, Capetown): Makes one cup – 1 x 12oz block soft tofu, 1 1/2 tablespoons lemon juice,1 teaspoon prepared mustard, 1 1/2 teaspoons apple cider vinegar, 1 teaspoon sugar, pinch of Saffron or Turmeric powder for colour…optional, 3/4 teaspoon onion powder, 1/2 teaspoon salt, 1/2 cup sunflower or canola oil. METHOD: Process all ingredients in blender EXCEPT the oil. At high speed TRICKLE the oil into the mix until smooth and creamy looking. CHILL for an hour before serving to allow flavour to “rise”. (Add 1 tbs good quality Tomato Sauce if you want 1000 Island dressing!)

I’m allergic to 3 ingredients above, never tried it, I make Baonaise – Baobab fruit powder is sour, with a hint of sweet (mix in cold water) and ground brazil nuts have a subtle pungent flavour, I don’t think Dijon is needed and I can’t have it anyway. Blend with oil. That’s essentially my Ca-Mg supplement + Selenium and I use omega 3-6-9 oil. There’s an actual recipe on Google and I’ve bought commercial baonnaise, mine would be as good if I had onion powder.

‘Cheese’ sauce: 1/2 cup nutritional yeast flakes – 1/2 cup unbleached flour – 1 tsp salt – 1/2 tsp garlic powder – 2 cups water – 1/4 cup oil – 1 tsp prepared mustard. Mix nutritional yeast flakes, flour, salt, and garlic powder in a 2-quart saucepan. Whisk in water. Cook over medium heat, whisking, until mixture thickens and bubbles. Cook 30 seconds more, then remove from heat and whisk in oil and mustard. Sauce will thicken as it cools but will thin when heated.

Debbie’s Chocolate tofu mousse: 2 packages soft tofu (regular or silken) – 16 ounces bag of semi-sweet choc chips – 1 teaspoon vanilla extract. Let tofu sit on the counter until it’s at room temperature. This is VERY important. Melt the chocolate in a double boiler or saucepan over medium-low heat. Place the room-temperature tofu in blender or food processor and blend until creamy. Add chocolate mixture and vanilla to tofu, and mix thoroughly. Chill 1 hour, and serve. Variation: Slice bananas and layer with chocolate mixture in either pudding cups or pie crust. Avo is so versatile:
as mayonnaise
or cream cheese more cashew cheese and yet more and in South Africa you can buy some amazing macadamia, cashew or other nut cheeses in Capetown or via overnight courrier.

A list of egg substitutes

Some more general recipe links: – free recipe book for picnic and party food Gluten-free has some interesting ones, not only fat-free.

En français:


Kavadi – the unseen side

There were Thaipusam celebrations on the island of Mauritius yesterday in (not only) the Tamil community, it’s a public holiday and a major religious event. Every kavadi or paalkoddam/paal kavadi carried piously on shoulders and heads who surely don’t know better, are not figurative burdens but real blood, sweat and tears. (En français)

Le lait

They are the blood of new-born calves (kept away from their mother, practically starved, killed and sold as veal meat on a parallel market), the sweat and tears of their grieving mother who has been raped again and again all her life for all she stands for – a milk machine. Bulls are routinely raped for her artificial insemination. Industries have ‘rape racks’ and purchase ‘rape kits’ for these ‘procedures’ of forceful impregnation or forceful semem collecting, using confined animals treated with neither respect nor pity. This is likely to be not only in Australia or countries from which we import milk (and where video footage has been made), but in your local dairy farms and the animals are discarded in any way deemed convenient by farmers when they are too old, e.g. for pet food. I don’t know what percentage of old cows are rescued by the only sanctuary I know there is, in Moka.

Promoting the consumption of, and consuming, milk or dairy entails stealing milk meant for calves, sending male ones to be killed for veal and suede, or to be reared for beef; as the female calves grow up to become milk providers. This would happen even if Mauritius had pastures (at the expense of its wild animals and/or instead of schools/malls/golf courses, or farmers would have to consider exploiting giraffes for milk) and bovine animals roamed around and propagated their genes freely. Later old cows would be turned into leather; even India is a big exporter of bovine leather and transports cows to certain states where killing them is allowed, footage seen in documentary (freely available to anyone with internet access, there was also a free public documentary screening in Mauritius years ago). It is not surprising how these issues can be ignored, we can look to our own lack of knowledge around such issues or to our indifference, which also harm poor human workers who work in the leather industry handling toxic chemicals.

There is a scientific explanation for eating habits most Kavadi devotees have outside of fasts but also for those within fasts. Humans are not natural necrovores but are addicted to natural chemicals in meat and it can be hard to quit the habit but harder perhaps to quit caso-morphines, the naturally-occuring drug in milk that is more concentrated in yoghurt, buttermilk and paneer. There are chemicals present in milk usually aside from pus and blood (and estrogen which harms women’s health as well as men’s), such as antibiotics and even morphine in trace amounts according to research papers. It can be hard to stop the addiction to casomorphines during 3 weeks, before the cravings and withdrawal symptoms cease. There may be ‘traditional’ explanations that were invented for modern exploitation (as the caste system was invented for human exploitation) but there is no moral explanation for it, least of all in times where we know it is not necessary but harmful to human health. Milk is a drug besides being a product of cruelty, and it is being directly promoted by and in religious celebrations.

It’s easy to make milk from nuts or coconut, and to make yoghurts and cheeses (see next blog post). Surely making these would be in line with what Tamils claim the fast entails. Not only those who have carried a kavadi or paalkoddam but all those with any indian heritage have those traditional copper containers. If one pours in soy, almond or coconut milk and the contents of 4 acidophilus capsules for each litre, leaving it covered in the sun all day, would produce soy, almond or coconut yoghurt, even if you’re not in Port-Louis or Australia. Behind a closed window or somewhere sunny but sheltered from the breeze would keep it warm. Solgar acidophilus capsules are perfect for this, available at Nature Verte, 3 locations now. Make it in stainless steel? I bought a glass jar from PicknPay and it got extremely rusty within a month, old recycled jars last. Here people would rather buy dairy yoghurt from cruel businesses than have free homemade plantghurt from homemade milk, seemingly. The hypocrisy astounds me.

Some photos and background story on Kavadee, I didn’t hear of anyone having vegan fasts – the page is mistaken to generalise this.

Cruelty is a fundamental sin, and admits of no arguments or nice distinctions. If only we do not allow our heart to grow callous, it protests against cruelty, is always clearly heard; and yet we go on perpetrating cruelties easily, merrily, all of us— in fact, anyone who does not join in is dubbed a crank. ~ Rabindranath Tagore

20 things the poor really do every day

I’d change 14. Live with chronic *illness* because they a) have to bear the worst of our environmental issues and b) can’t get access to healthcare and this leads to chronic illnesses (e.g chronic pain).

This is from the US but I bet similar issues apply there. Poor folks can’t employ a domestic worker, certainly don’t have a dishwasher and may not have access to a washing machine – think how much more time that takes out of a day. I just moved from a country where in neighbourhoods where laundromats were not common (or not affordable) many people wash clothes in bathtubs (except in townships where several houses share 1 tap), to one where bathtubs only exist in rich houses, everywhere else there are cold water taps and washing stones (and some have washing machines). We’re not imagining what it’s like to share one tap with 7 or 9 communal houses because such situations apply to South Africa but again, it’s time consuming and the same people would travel the longest to go to study or work. This is not in any way coincidental, there was evictions and such, urban planning and the continued reinforcement of such circumstances along with the maintainance of economic disparities, debt creation, etc.

Anyhow some of the discussion I’ve read in links on the original post remind me of Occam’s Big Paisley Tie.

Ben Irwin


Dave Ramsey probably wasn’t expecting this much pushback when he shared a piece by Tim Corley contrasting the habits of the rich with those of the poor. In her response on CNN, Rachel Held Evans noted that Ramsey and Corley mistake correlation for causality when they suggest (without actually proving) that these habits are the cause of a person’s financial situation. (Did it never occur to them that it might be the other way around?)

Ramsey fired back, calling the pushback “immature and ignorant.” This from a guy who just made 20 sweeping assertions about 47 million poor people in the US — all based on a survey of 361 individuals.

That’s right. To come up with his 20 habits, Corley talked to just 233 wealthy people and 128 poor people. Ramsey can talk all he wants about Corley’s research passing the “common-sense smell test,” but it doesn’t pass the…

View original post 1,201 more words


Neither Man Nor Beast: Patriarchy, Speciesism, & Deconstructing Oppressions
February 23, 2014 – Web

You are invited to attend a WEB-based conference on February, 23rd, 2014 to empower minds, bodies and communities. Moving beyond the typical boundaries of social justice activism, this conference will be advocating for intersectional liberation across species and social identities.

By creating a space to discuss critical feminist theories and offering our unique experiences under patriarchy, we will be re-evaluating how oppressions relate in our lives and our communities and how best to integrate this into advocacy for the rights of non-human and human animals alike. Critiquing the limitations of popular and mainstream animal rights campaigns currently, and by offering solutions, we hope to advocate for a more unified and diverse movement.

Ultimately, we wish to develop a more complete understanding of oppression and justice. Creating allies aware of the intersectionality of oppression can afford us more opportunities to collaborate in meaningful and mutually inspiring ways. Our diversity of ideas and experiences offer potential to build a more comprehensive, sustainable and effective movement against oppression. We need to strive for creating safer communities and more responsible allies, in hopes of beginning to truly break down the existing hierarchical power structures, rather than reinforcing them. This conference will function as a platform for dialogue, networking and organization with others in creating a more resilient rights liberation movement for all.

Call for Presentations:

We are accepting abstract submissions for presentation topics on the following intersecting issues: veganism; women/womyn empowerment; queer rights; hetero-normative privilege; feminism; trans and gender-queer rights; racism and perspectives from women of colour; white male supremacy; patriarchy; ableism; sexism; sizeism; sexualities; gender and cisprivilege; colonialism; indigenous rights; eco-feminism and environmentalism; anarcha-feminism; animal rights and radical self-care.

This is a conference welcoming academic and non academic presentations alike. Presenters are encouraged to use webcams, and powerpoint visuals during their presentation, as well as to engage in Q&A after with attendees.

Please submit your abstract proposal with your name, presentation title, a 200-300 word abstract, and location that you currently reside. You are welcome to include any additional information about yourself and why you
would like to participate. Presentations should be maximum 20 minutes long, with additional time for Q&A.

Email submissions to

Deadline for submission is January 31st, 2014

This event is hosted by Vegan Feminist Network
and Animal Liberation Ontario

Citations de | Quotes by Marguerite Yourcenar

Sur l’animal | about animals

“Je trouve atroce d’avoir à penser chaque année, vers la fin de l’hiver, au moment où les mères phoques mettent bas sur la banquise, que ce grand travail naturel s’accomplit au profit d’immédiats massacres, tout comme je ne nourris pas les tourterelles dans mon bois sans penser que soixante millions d’entre elles tomberont cet automne sous les coups des chasseurs. Il faut « limiter la prolifération des espèces », comme disent les gens qui ne songent jamais à limiter la leur.”

I find it atrocious to think that every year, at winter’s end, at the time where seal mothers give birth on the ice, this great natural effort is accomplished for the profit of immediate massacres; similarly I cannot feed the birds in my woods without the thought that 60 millions of them will fall this autumn under the gunshots of hunters. “We must limit the proliferation of species” some would say, without ever thinking of limiting that of their own.

«L’homme a peu de chances de cesser d’être un tortionnaire pour l’homme, tant qu’il continuera à apprendre sur l’animal son métier de bourreau.»

Man is unlikely to cease to torture his kind, as long as he continues to perfect his craft of animal executioner.

«La protection de l’animal, c’est au fond le même combat que la protection de l’humain.»

Animal protection is essentially the same struggle as human protection

«Soyons subversifs. Révoltons-nous contre l’ignorance, l’indifférence, la cruauté, qui d’ailleurs ne s’exercent si souvent contre l’homme parce qu’elles se sont fait la main sur les bêtes. Rappelons-nous, s’il faut toujours tout ramener à nous-mêmes, qu’il y aurait moins d’enfants martyrs s’il y avait moins d’animaux torturés, moins de wagons plombés amenant à la mort les victimes de quelconques dictatures, si nous n’avions pris l’habitude des fourgons où les bêtes agonisent sans nourriture et sans eau en attendant l’abattoir.»

Let us be subversive: let us revolt against ignorance, indifference, cruelty – which in fact often against humans after it has been towards animals. Let us remember, if we need to bring everything to ourselves, that there would be fewer martyrs among children if there were fewer tortured animals […]

«Les animaux sont mes amis et je ne mange pas mes amis.»

Animals are my friends and I don’t eat my friends

«Le riche aliment (le lait) sort d’une bête nourricière, symbole animal de la terre féconde, qui donne aux hommes non seulement son lait, mais plus tard, quand ses pis seront définitivement épuisés, sa maigre chair et finalement son cuir, ses tendons et ses os dont on fera de la colle et du noir animal. Elle mourra d’une mort presque toujours atroce, arrachée aux prés habituels, après le long voyage dans le wagon à bestiaux qui la cahotera vers l’abattoir, souvent meurtrie, privée d’eau, effrayée en tout cas par ces secousses et ces bruits nouveaux pour elle. Ou bien elle sera poussée en plein soleil, le long d’une route, par des hommes qui la piquent de leurs longs aiguillons, la malmènent si elle est rétive ; elle arrivera pantelante au lieu de l’exécution, la corde au cou, parfois l’œil crevé, remise entre les mains de tueurs que brutalise leur misérable métier et qui commenceront peut-être à la dépecer pas toute à fait morte.»

Some translation is yet to be completed or done, I’m republishing this anyway.

Produits non testés sur animaux – kind brands avail in French stores.

Je vous souhaite une bonne année remplie de résistance productive et de joie. Je viens de trouver cette liste que je partage via Cause Animale Nord. Je vous rappelle que les produits Melvita sont en vente chez La Vie Claire ici, ainsi que les huiles essentielles avec lesquelles on peut faire soi-même certains produits. Produits d’entretien et savons de Castille de la marque Dr. Bronner chez Health Solutions. SVP faites-moi savoir si vous trouvez d’autres marques à Maurice que ceux-là.

I wish you a good year full of useful struggles, productive resistance and joy. I wonder if any of these brands are available in Mauritius since French products abound – a reminder about this list and the DIY page. Melvita products are the only (leaping bunny approved) product I’ve seen from the following list and Dr Bronner’s soaps (including fragrance free) are also available, at the 3 Health Solutions. Please leave a comment if you spot any other products, or if you sell them.

“Comme demandé il y’a quelques jours, nous avons cherché à vous informez sur les produits testés ou non sur les animaux. Il s’agit là de la liste non-testé sur animaux en cosmétiques. Toutes les marques ont signé le Humane Cosmetics standard, affirmant ainsi ne pas pratiquer de test sur les animaux. Par ailleurs, ce label est obtenu au terme d’un processus de certification impliquant le constat, par une société d’audit indépendante, que l’entreprise s’engage véritablement et refuse, à tous les niveaux de production, les tests pratiqués sur les animaux (des ingrédients employés au produit fini).

Allo Nature (“Epil Oubli”)
Balm Balm
Comptoir Provençal des Argiles (“Naturado” et “Rosalia”)
Couleur Caramel
Laboratoire Gravier chez Eleven Group
Laboratoire Sicobel: BcommeBio et Placentor
Les Douces Angevines

Couleur Caramel
Léa Nature (marques Floressance, Natessance, SO BIO, Lift Argan) chez Di
Montagne Jeunesse

Montagne Jeunesse [my edit, Dischem in Capetown (2) occasionally had a product]

Crazy Rumors disponible sur
Earths Beauty disponible sur
Evolve Beauty
Kingfisher Toothpaste disponible sur
Kobashi Aromatherapy
Lily Lolo
Make Up International
Natroma et The Natural Soapworks
Nothing Nasty
Platz laboratoire
Tattoo After Care


Etamines du Lys
Harmonie Verte et Lérutan (Laboratoires Gravier) en magasins bio
Miarose disponible sur

(/!\ : Cette liste est non exhaustive)
Source :

South Africa: There is sometimes some Montagne Jeunesse products at Dischem.